Showing posts with label India. Show all posts
Showing posts with label India. Show all posts

Tuesday, August 11, 2020

Violence breaks out in East Bengaluru, MLA’s house attacked

Violence broke out in Pulakeshinagar after an angry mob who were disrupted over a derogatory post uploaded on social media insulting Prophet Mohammed by a relative of MLA Akhanda Srinivasa Murthy on Tuesday night went on a rampage.

The mob gathered outside the MLA’s house and burnt down the vehicles parked outside his house in Kaval Byrasandra. The post is said to have triggered communal violence in East Bengaluru.

According to police, a crowd of almost a thousand people gathered in front of the KG Halli police station demanding that the relative named Naveen be arrested. Hundreds also gathered outside the MLA’s house and protested. Vehicles parked outside the MLA’s house were torched. According to reports, the protesters did not allow fire engines to enter the street and to douse the fire.

Meanwhile, another group arrived at KG Halli police station to file a complaint but alleged that the police refused to file a complaint immediately. The situation quickly escalated after an under-construction house of the MLA adjoining to current residence was damaged around 8.30 pm. Around 25 minutes later, a much larger mob gathered outside the KG Halli police station and started raising slogans, pelting stones and even torching vehicles. DCP East Bhimashankar Guled’s official car too was attacked with stones and sticks. At DJ Halli, a police vehicle was set ablaze.

By 10.30 pm, reinforcement of police personnel from adjoining police stations arrived in two buses. Shots are being fired by the police in an attempt to disperse the crowd. The police force outside the police station has been unable to make their way through the crowd and enter the station. Eyewitnesses claim that for at least an initial 10 minutes, the police either remained mute spectators or used very little force to handle the crowd even as the violence escalated. Even post-midnight, the police force has been largely outnumbered, cornered outside the KG Halli police station.

Along with police in riot gear who were deployed to contain the violence, senior police officers including Commissioner Kamal Pant visited the spot. An official police car too was attacked and damaged, as per eyewitnesses.

Reportedly, the MLA’s relative who was detained by the police for questioning claimed that his Facebook account was hacked and it was not he who actually posted the offensive message.

Media persons from Kannada news channel Suvarna News too were allegedly attacked by an angry mob while reporting live on the violence. Reporters Ravi and Pradeep have sustained injuries and are receiving treatment at the time of writing. Their cameras were reportedly smashed to stop them from covering the incident.

Home Minister Basavaraj Bommai released a video with an appeal for peace. “Whatever the issue is, we will investigate it, but vandalism is not the solution. We have deployed additional forces. I have given cops a free hand to handle the situation. However powerful the guilty are, we will take action. But people must not take the law into their hands.”

Meanwhile, MLA Srinivas Murthy has sent out a video message appealing for calm. “Hello, this is Srinivas Murthy from Pulikeshi Nagar. I request our Muslim friends, for the mistake of some miscreants, let’s not fight. Whatever the fight, we’re brothers. Whoever has made a mistake, let’s teach them a lesson through legal means. We will also stand with you. Whoever has made the mistake, we will take steps to teach them a lesson. I request our Muslim kin to please remain peaceful. I will also stand with you.

The Week reported that Congress Chamrajpet MLA Zameer Ahmed Khan arrived at the DJ Halli police station and wanted the MLA’s kin arrested.

“The community is furious and the situation is going out of control. I am at the police station along with religious leaders of our community to file the complaint. We will stage a protest tomorrow,” said Zameer Ahmed.



from The Second Angle

Actor Sanjay Dutt has been diagnosed with stage 3 lung cancer: Reports

Bollywood actor Sanjay Dutt has been diagnosed with stage 3 lung cancer, say reports. It has also been reported that the 61-year-old actor will soon be flying to the US soon for medical treatment.  A close friend of the actor spoke to Bollywood Hungama and said, “Baba is devastated. He has little children. Fortunately, they are in Dubai right now with their mother. But breaking this awful news to them would be an ordeal.” Furthermore, the friend also added that though Sanjay Dutt is pretty shaken he is also certain of being cured. “It is curable. He needs instant and rigorous treatment for which he leaves immediately”, the friend was quoted as saying to the publication.

Earlier today, the actor posted a statement on Twitter, announcing that he would be taking a “short break” from professional commitments to focus on medical treatment.

He also urged his fans not to worry or unnecessarily speculate, saying that he would be “back soon” with people’s love and support.

“I am taking a short break from work for some medical treatment. My family and friends are with me and I urge my well-wishers not to worry or unnecessarily speculate. With your love and good wishes, I will be back soon!” his post read.

Noted film journalist and editor-in-chief of Film Information, Komal Nahta, shared the news on his Twitter. “Sanjay Dutt diagnosed with lung cancer. Let’s pray for his speedy recovery,” he tweeted.

 

 



from The Second Angle

Gunjan Saxena Movie Review: The film with Gunjan as a star

Flight Lieutenant Gunjan Saxena is an Indian Air Force (IAF) officer. She joined the IAF in 1994, is a 1999 Kargil War veteran and the first female Shaurya Chakra awardee. One of her primary roles during the Kargil War was to evacuate the wounded from Kargil, transport supplies and assist in surveillance. Gunjan’s father and brother each served in the Indian army. The current film is a fictional account of her achievements.Sharan Sharma’s directorial debut is refreshing as the fighting sequences are now not characterish and show the ground truth of what should have taken place back in the day. He narrated the story of Gunjan, very beautifully written via Nikhil Mehrotra, to a crisp in the right runtime. The movie showed feminism as the topic of discussion as an alternative than nationalism which is essentially the narrative of films with hostilities backdrop. Sharan confirmed the moments with great honesty and harsh actuality which Gunjan ought to have witnessed without a doubt while making a mark as IAF pilot.

Jahnvi as Gunjan in her sophomore feature (punctuated by way of a robust performance in the short movie anthology Ghost Stories) after Dhadak, has a strong presence. She shines in the film with her expressions, but at the same time she tails off a little in her dialogue delivery. But overall her performance is noteworthy.
Gunjan faces many obstacles in her way of being a pilot and the story is all about how she clears them. How she pivots her dream from being just a pilot to join the air-force. How she’s the only woman of her batch dealing with a navy of men and the disparity. How she’s dispensed one of the most important missions – Kargil War and plenty more. Gunjan’s story is undoubtedly the star of the film.

Apart from that, the performances are definitely there to win your heart. The cast with Pankaj Tripathi, Manav Vij, Vineet Kumar, Angad Bedi among others were spectacular in their roles. Pankaj Tripathi playing the role of Gunjan’s father portrayed a heartwarming relationship with Jahnvi playing Gunjan. The father-daughter duo scenes were my personal favourite in the film. Jahnvi portrayed some of her best emotional scenes with Pankaj and Pankaj, well, what to say about him. His magic is never enough for us, we always end up asking for more, Pankaj delivered some of the best dialogues in the film like “Pilot ladka ho ya ladki ho, use pilot hi kehte hain”, “Jo log mehnat ka sath nahi chodte, qismat bhi unka hath nahi chodti” and many more which not just us experience Pankaj’s emotional ease at dialogue delivery but the writing brilliancy as well.
Another aspect which is absolutely lovable in the movie is its music.  Amit Trivedi never fails to please his audience. “dori tutgaiyan” and “bharat ki beti” sung by Rekha Bhardwaj and Arijit Singh respectively, are my personal favourites from the film.
As mentioned earlier, the star of the film is its story which gives so many messages to take forward with us, such as “If one gets the right support to one’s beliefs from the very start then the person can surely achieve success.” Gunjan’s story has paved way for many others to dream big and follow it without fearing the unsupporting society and system and it will continue to do so in the future too. Her story also made us familiar with the already known fact that the system and society will never support or adjust to the uncommon dreams and wishes of the individuals but that shouldn’t make us drop our dreams. What comes as a great help in such situations is the support from our family which Gunjan had in special terms of her father. Gunjan’s father is an example for many parents that if you support your child’s dreams no matter if it is a son or a daughter or how tough the dream is, the child won’t let you down. Because in the end, we have to accept this fact that apart from Gunjan’s own dedication, it was his father’s constant support which made her what she is today. With all these messages infused, the film, we believe is definitely worth watching.

The movie will be available for everyone to watch from tomorrow on Netflix. If you happen to watch it then do share your views with us in the comments section below.



from The Second Angle

The Aim is to put 5 lakh electric vehicle in 5 years in Delhi-EV policy by Delhi Govt

The Delhi government launched its new electric Vehicle policy in order to reduce pollution and to boost up the economy and to generate employment in the transport sector. In order to promote the electric vehicle for commercial and personal use, the new incentive has been introduced. At a Digital briefing, Chief Minister of Delhi, Arvind Kejriwal said that the policy would make Delhi “a world leader” in the field of electric vehicles and that it was one of the most progressive EV schemes in the world.CM Kejriwal clarified that there will be an incentive of up to Rs 30,000 on electric two-wheelers, electric autos & e-rickshaws, and up to Rs 1.5 lakh on electric cars. The AAP chief stated the Delhi government will organize an EV Cell to implement and supervise the new electric vehicle policy.
The state government will be creating a non-lapsable ‘State EV fund’ which will be supported through the air ambience fund, levy of additional taxes and cess on inefficient and polluting vehicles.
What Automotive Manufactured said about this new EV policy?
Sohinder Gill Director General, Society of Manufacturers of Electric Vehicles (SMEV), states that Delhi EV Policy has “set an example of how a policy can run without using exchequer money. The Delhi EV policy in a way is a benchmark for other states’ policies to follow that are based mostly on attracting manufacturers rather than catalyzing demand.“The only small missing point in the policy is that it doesn’t support the lithium battery e-scooters with speeds up to 25km/hr. These e scooters are particularly popular with Delhites because of their attractive prices and extremely low running costs. With a bit of support from the Delhi government, the adoption of such e scooters would have grown multifold. We hope the government would look into it and make some amendments in the future.”Thanking the Delhi and Telengana government for “quickly notifying robust and well-thought EV policies that will further boost the EV sales in the respective states,” Mahesh Babu, MD & CEO, Mahindra Electric, said, “Both the EV policies are aimed at faster adoption of EVs both in personal and shared mobility segments. Extending the incentives to personal buyers will further help the development of the entire ecosystem.
“In the near future, the open-permit system for electric autos in Delhi will promote zero-emission last and the first-mile green mobility in the capital. The policies are in-line with India’s aim to reduce its oil-import bill and air-pollution.

Aim to target 200 charging stations
Delhi govt is aiming to construct 200 charging station infrastructure in the next one year in Delhi. Kejriwal said “our aim is to create one charging station at every 3 km. we hope that at least 5 lakh EV vehicle in Delhi will be registered in the next five years”.



from The Second Angle

Rahat Indori: Tribute to the king of Indian Poetic Universe

Rahat Qureshi later known as Rahat Indori was a renowned Urdu poet who passed away today on 11 August. He was a magnificent personality who had an astounding ability to keep his listeners engaged which very few poets possess. He has been appreciated worldwide and was invited internationally to recite poetry. He has actively performed in Mushaira and Kavi Sammelan for decades. 

The poignant poet owns a MA and PhD degree in Urdu Literature and was a former professor as well.

Rahat Indori’s demise has created a void among the admirers of the poetic universe. TSA has attempted to compile a few of his great works here, though it is arduous to pick few of them;

 

1

2

3

4

 



from The Second Angle

5 Most unrealistic relationship clichés

People in relationships often like to use clichés. Some of them sound really good and make people feel like they are getting the ultimate relationship wisdom but for some experienced people or singles, they make “little to no sense”. It might be really tempting to use these clichés but we warn you to not do that because ultimately life is not a rom com movie and reality is very hard. Here are some annoying relationship clichés, that are impossible, highly unrealistic, wrong, lame and the list is long so, here we go.

1- Once a cheater, always a cheater

Credit: reddit.com

People who often say this don’t understand it most of the time. I mean you can’t tag this line to someone you are angry with on a petty thing or you still have not come to terms with your partner’s past and this is catering your insecurities. You cannot club immuned liars with the person who has done mistakes unintentionally or either for some reason. Everyone wants to be forgiven and there is no one who doesn’t make any mistake so it’s fair enough to forgive small mistakes.

2- love means never having to say you’re sorry

Credit: reddit.com

This cliché might sound sweeter than sugar but it has no relatability to real life. There is no organic reason for why partners cannot say sorry to each other. Saying sorry doesn’t make a person small. Making an apology for a mistake is okay and it has nothing to do about your love and connection with your partner.

3- If you can’t love me at my worst, you can’t love me at my best

Credit: reddit.com

This cliché holds truth and has some validity to it but some people make their partners suffer in their worst and they barely do anything to change themselves. Dealing is okay sometimes but not always. Like some people’s worst is even worse than the word worst itself. Your efforts are valid if someone’s worst is worth dealing.

4- You’re going to make someone really happy someday

Credit: reddit.com

Alert! This can make you feel sick like anything. It’s like an unnecessary sugar coating that doesn’t make any difference in anyone’s life. If they believe that you could make someone happy then why are they leaving you? because they don’t believe in that statement.

5- Never settle for anything less than a fairytale

Credit: reddit.com

 If someone says this to you then distance yourself from them because if you think a CEO will appear suddenly and fall head over heels in love with you, then keep your fantasies on hold and reboot your mind cause it’s never gonna happen! Things don’t happen this way. If you like someone and vice versa then you certainly have to spend time with them, know them properly, understand if things are working and think practically. The only way to live a fairytale is to read one. This cliché has no existence in reality.

This might sound harsh but there is no point in keeping unrealistic hopes from life. At least we at TSA don’t want you to have one wrong hope! 

 



from The Second Angle

Noted Urdu Poet Rahat Indori Passed away after testing COVID-19 positive

Rahat Indori is a well-known Urdu poet and is also known to express his views on socio-political scenarios in the country.

Noted Urdu poet Rahat Indori, who tested positive for COVID-19 on Monday, died due to the viral infection in Madhya Pradesh’s Indore on Tuesday.

The 70-year-old, who was quite active on social media, earlier today took to Twitter to announce that he has tested for the virus on Monday.

“After showing initial Covid19 symptoms, I was tested for the virus on Monday and I am declared positive for the virus today and have been admitted to Aurobindo hospital,” Indori had written on Twitter this afternoon.



from The Second Angle

Russia announces world’s first Coronavirus vaccine, President’s Daughter Vaccinated

As the world’s research organizations are running behind the Coronavirus vaccine, Russia’s President Vladimir Putin launched the world’s first Coronavirus vaccine.

“This morning, for the first time in the world, a vaccine against the new coronavirus was registered” in Russia, he said.

Before the vaccine was finalised, he asked the health ministry to keep him updated regarding the vaccine trials. According to him the vaccine “works quite effectively” and “forms a stable immunity”, and he also claimed that the vaccine has undergone all the necessary trials and precautions.

“I know that it works quite effectively, forms strong immunity, and I repeat, it has passed all the needed checks,” said Putin.

He also stated that one of his two daughters has taken this vaccination and is quite good.

They will soon start mass production of the vaccine, however, the trials will still be continued. Moreover, he asked the government to keep a check in providing the fund for Flu and Coronavirus vaccines after they are registered, as they prepare to get up to 60% of the Russians vaccinated against the flu.

According to the Health Minister Mikhail Murashko, mass immunization will be started by October. As those who are the most vulnerable of the disease like medical workers will be vaccinated earlier.

Russia’s first coronavirus vaccine is developed jointly by Gamaleya Research Institute and the Russian Defence Ministry.

The trials of the vaccine were started on June 18, and all the 38 volunteers included were able to develop immunity. The first group was discharged on July 15 and the second group on July 20.

On Tuesday, Russia registered 4,945 new cases of the novel coronavirus, pushing its national case tally to 897,599, the fourth largest in the world.

The official death toll rose to 15,131 after authorities said in their daily coronavirus report that 130 people had died in the previous 24 hours.



from The Second Angle

Will Students get the Justice they Deserve?

Amidst the COVID-19 pandemic, the decision of cancelling exams by the Delhi and Maharashtra State Governments was not welcomed by the University Grants Commission (UGC).

In this Students vs UGC war, Solicitor General Tushar Mehta who represented the UGC in the Supreme Court on August 10 was quoted saying, “Students have to continue preparing for exams. If exams are not conducted, students will not be granted a degree. That is the law!”

A bunch of pleas was made to the Supreme Court by the college students from Karnataka, Assam, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Meghalaya and other states challenging the UGC’s earlier circular released on July 6 which directed universities to conduct final year examinations by the end of September.

Credit: mahanagartimes.com

Advocate Alakh Alok Srivastava, who represented the students in the Supreme Court questioned the legality and constitutional validity of the July 6 circular.

According to Yash Dubey, a student in Bhopal currently in his final year of law studies has argued that the revised UGC guidelines violate the fundamental rights granted to students under Article 14 (Right to Equality) and Article 21 (Right to Life and Personal Liberty) of the Constitution of India. He further added that the UGC guidelines completely disregards the health and safety of the students.

The apex court has asked SG Mehta to make clear if the Disaster Management Act under which the Delhi and Maharashtra governments have filed affidavits and have declared to cancel the final year examinations, can override the notification released by the UGC and file responses to the same.

Credit: indianexpress.com

The next hearing in the Supreme Court has been adjourned to August 14, which will decide the fate of lakhs of college students who are still unclear about their future.

When unemployment and mental health issues are on a sky-high amongst students, will the Supreme Court be able to serve justice to the Youth of India?



from The Second Angle

Katrina Kaif reaches out to 100 background dancers to offer help

As the nation unlocks in a staggered manner with respect to all the sectors, so is the B-town. Many actors have begun their work which was left in midway in the face of the current pandemic. Now, when the actors are off to complete leftover projects, there is a certain group of professional dancers from the industry who have felt the maximum brunt of the lockdown and even today their plight continues. To their assistance has come Katrina Kaif, being benign about extending monetary support to the around 100 sufferers. This would definitely help the dancers financially to stretch out livelihoods for few more days.

It is reported that Katrina transferred the money directly into the account of the dancers, which they can use to start some small businesses. Raj Surani, a dance coordinator with several actors in the Bollywood songs, has given a statement to TOI that he would use the amount to run minuscule businesses like tiffin service, beauty service and deal in home-made stuffs.

Hetal, a senior dancer, has also come forward to acknowledge the help she has received from Katrina Kaif and she is now able to run a small local service of selling vegetables in the society as per the orders. Speaking to TOI, Hetal said, “I risk my life going to a nearby market to buy fresh vegetables every morning at the break of the dawn and sell them to the locals in the society.”

Being not able to predict when the songs will be shot and these dancers will be called on to join the crew, at least they are taking up odd jobs to eke out a living for now. While the pandemic is still dancing upon us, these dancers do not look disheartened, rather they are highly motivated to become self-reliant, same as India has taken an oath to become one. Reports are that some of them have joined call centres whereas some are busy setting up gymnasiums, etc.

Really, this pandemic has been very harsh on the daily wagers who had no alternative jobs to sustain the crisis. We believe that there are more actors like Katrina Kaif abound in the film industry, who should extend the hands of aid in any form to the people worst hit in the fraternity.



from The Second Angle

Shakespearean Women: Powerful And Ahead Of Their Time

Art thou afeard to be the same in thine own act and valour
As thou are in desire?
-Lady Macbeth (Macbeth)

Literature has always been the most indispensable source of both the principles and beliefs regarded by the people in the past. It gives us the consummate picture of the society and people of that period. Many authors like Shakespeare,  Jane Austen, The Brontë Sisters, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, George Orwell to name a few, have been accredited to be the most significant and celebrated authors of their respective times.

 

Credit: egalbytes.com

William Shakespeare(1564-1616) however,  is always adjudged to be ‘ahead of his time‘ by scholars and critics. Ben Jonson even said,  “He was not of an age, but for all times.” It is because umpteen Shakespeare’s novels and plays express contemporary ideas and perspectives that were not ubiquitous during the seventeenth century. His female characters often challenge patriarchal norms. He portrayed women in a peculiar and juxtaposed way; his female characters were often acknowledged as women who refused to submit to men as they were expected to, during those times and also as sensitive, responsive and delicate concomitantly. For instance,  ‘Lady Macbeth‘ from ‘Macbeth‘,  ‘Rosalind‘ from ‘As You Like It’, Cordelia‘ from ‘King Lear‘, ‘Tamora‘ from ‘Titus Andronicus’, ‘Viola‘  from ‘Twelfth Night‘ are all classic examples of strong female characters composed by Shakespeare. Frequently, his plays also show instances wherein female protagonists evinced cross-dressing, which was outlandish considering the time these plays were written in.

 

Credit: Amazon.com

 One of the most strong and unconventional characters of all time is ‘Lady Macbeth‘ from ‘Macbeth‘. Lady Macbeth is presented predominantly as a strong,  powerful and valorous woman who manipulates her husband (Macbeth) to murder ‘Duncan’ to make Macbeth the King and herself the Queen. Macbeth was opposed and apprehensive about the idea; consequently, she challenges his masculinity by calling him a coward to persuade him to commit the act of killing.

Credit: Wikiwand.com

She uses the societal norms of that time wherein women and men were constantly faced with expectations, to conform to gender roles as, women were expected to be fragile and men were to be strong and powerful, that confined them into prisons of propositions and conventions and even helped her to compel him to commit a horrendous crime. Macbeth was an obeying soldier who served his king but it was Lady Macbeth whose cunningness and manoeuvres led to Macbeths ultimate death towards the end. Such a female character with paramount ambitions that brooked no barriers, moral or temporal was unwonted and unconventional and till now remains so.

Credit: Pinterest.com

 The dialogues of Lady Macbeth only amplify her persistence and the boundaries she could cross to achieve what she desires. She even speaks to the spirits to fill him with the attributes of a man and kill the kindness of a woman which can become an obstacle in her act of killing Duncan in case Macbeth countermands to do so. Implausibly Macbeth too admits that she was a masculine soul inhabiting a female body.
She teaches Macbeth to become a serpent and look like a flower. Her character exhibits unanticipated courage and cruelty which was in complete contrast to the image of women at that time.
So far,  in this Scottish Play of Shakespeare,  he creates a situational irony and allusion by showing behavioral contrasts in women and men opposed to the norms at that time but on the other hand, he shows the sensitivity and compassion of women as, when Lady Macbeth takes to killing Duncan she sees in him a reflection of her father and was thus unable to kill him. Also, when the play reaches its ending,  he shows Lady Macbeth in an extremely vulnerable and fragile condition. Wherein she even dies because of her contrition and guilt. Her lust for power destroys her both in mind and body.

 

“Do I put up that womanly defence, To say I have done no harm?”    -Lady Macbeth     

 

The story of Macbeth is a paradigm of black and deep desires of human nature and the devastation and deploration therein. It explores a plethora of ideas at once. The aspiration to achieve ambitions,  even murdering to achieve them, it is a story of desire,  guilt, history and politics substantiated further by witchcraft and precognitions. A tale of extraordinary strength and power of women, be it Lady Macbeth or the three witches, it directly rebuts the ideas of fragile and weak women prevalent at that time but also displays the tenderness of women concurrently.
The strength and fearlessness of the characters of Shakespeare obliquely display the idea of feminism through such bold, brave and courageous characters. Famous English author Juliet Dusinberre even claimed Shakespeare to be ‘close to being a kind of Elizabethan Feminist’. Although feminism in its present form didn’t exist during that time, characters like these can be easily related to modern feminism. Feminism is just an idea developed in the near past, just because the word itself didn’t exist during the Shakespearean Era does not mean there weren’t strong women before. The works of Shakespeare clearly show that he thought of women as worth more than what the society allowed at that time. Perhaps he believed that women were just as strong, capable and perspicacious as men were. Gender was always a major player in almost all of Shakespeare’s works. It is widely surmised that he believed in an idea akin to modern-day feminism. Instead of commenting on women’s role in society, he used gender roles in his plays to show the audience that a woman is capable of performing a man’s role as adroitly as he does.
Shakespeare reflects and supports the Renaissance stereotypes of men and women and their roles in society. But he also questions, challenges and tries to change the representations of them, as we can see in the play, Macbeth.
The mere presentation of female protagonists in itself shows the power and pertinence of women Shakespeare acknowledged even at that time. The presence of the three witches as one of the most significant characters throughout the play from the beginning also corroborates the idea. The witches were fearless and powerful, and ultimately decided the fate of both Macbeth and Lady Macbeth through their premonitions. Hitherto, the manifestation of women in Shakespearean plays like Macbeth was completely juxtaposed and objurgating than many of his other contemporaries which often displayed them as trivial sexual objects with no power and consequence. He exhibited the women as unceremonious and zealous, directly castigating the stereotypes that circumscribed women at that time and still incarcerate them.
Similarly, Shakespeare’s other characters like Viola in Twelfth Night is portrayed as a very strong woman. She was all alone shipwrecked at the beach of Illyria. She had lost her twin brother in the wreck and was in a foreign land all by herself. But she didn’t asks for help as a helpless needy woman, rather emerged as a strong-willed independent woman, she disguised herself as a man and went on to search for a job to lead her life. She adapted the situation instead of being a damsel in distress. Later, she manipulated the circumstances to marry Duke Orsino. All this shows her strong-willed character which of course wasn’t something expected by the Elizabethan women. But as mentioned earlier, Shakespeare was someone way ahead of time. He pictured what was about to come, this is the reason that Shakespeare still appears relevant even after centuries.



from The Second Angle

Monday, August 10, 2020

Lebanon’s Prime Minister announces resignation over last week’s Beirut explosion

BEIRUT – The government has resigned over last week’s deadly explosion at the port of Beirut which claimed over 160 lives, saying he has come to the conclusion that corruption in Lebanon is “bigger than the state itself and impossible to face or get rid of it”. Several ministers have stepped down already including the justice Minister. Protesters are demanding major reform as the country faces an unprecedented economic crisis. Prime Minister Hassan Diab said that he is taking “a step back so that he can stand with the people and fight the battle for change alongside”.

A judge on Monday questioned the heads of the country’s security agencies. Public prosecutor Ghassan El Khoury questioned Maj. Gen. Tony Saliba, the head of state security, according to state-run National News Agency.

In a brief televised speech, he said “I declare today the resignation of this government. May God protect Lebanon” repeating the last phrase three times.  He also blamed earlier politicians for the earthquake that had hit Lebanon a few years back. “They (the political class) should have been ashamed of themselves because their corruption is what has led to this disaster that had been hidden for seven years. today we follow the will of people in their demand to hold accountable those responsible for the disaster that has been in hiding for seven years and their desire for real change” he added.

The concern that the Western countries might exploit anger over the explosion that took at the port of Beirut, Iranian Foreign Ministry spokesman Abbas Mousavi said: “it was natural for people to be frustrated, but it would be unacceptable is some individuals, groups and foreign countries use the incident as a pretext for their purposes and intentions”. On Monday, Israeli Defense Minister Benny Gantz drew a line between the explosion and claims that Hezbollah stores its rockets and weapons deep inside civilian areas. He also accused Hazbollah of being the biggest problem for Lebanon.

On Sunday, World leaders and International Organizations pledged nearly 300 Million Dollars in emergency humanitarian aid to Beirut.



from The Second Angle

‘Big Day For Andaman, Nicobar’: PM virtually launches Submarine OFC Connecting Chennai, Port Blair.

representational image

We live in the digital world, where everything is just one click away from us. From watching movies to paying bills, from shopping online to booking tickets, everything is in our hands. Life seems impossible without internet connectivity. It becomes the basic requirement of every household.

Despite this, there remain several regions in India with a lack of speedy access to the internet. One such region is Andaman and Nicobar island, the most fascinating UT of Indian Union, located in an area of about 8243 sq. Km. in the Bay of Bengal.

Andamnad & Nicobar Island

While the lack of access to 4-G in the Kashmir valley attracted international media, the Islanders were suffering in silence with no media attention. Andaman & Nicobar region has been witnessing poor internet connectivity and the dearth of technological advancement for a long.

The internet connection of the Andaman and Nicobar region is quite old and doesn’t have advanced technological facilities. When the entirety of India witnessed Jio 4G revolution, BSNL was (and still is) the only option for many residing in Andaman & Nicobar island. The broadband service of BSNL is the slowest and is too expensive. BSNL users face many problems, like the inability to check how much data has been spent. As the digital world is going to witness the 5G revolution, the islanders don’t even have the known 4G connection.

Monthly charge of internet services by BSNL, in Andaman region

During the lockdown, the issue reached its peak, when students returning from their colleges faced problems during online teaching. A first-year engineering student from Dollygunj, Port Blair who studies in a college in Bengaluru says,

“I am a student of an engineering college in Bengaluru. Everything was running smoothly this semester until the pandemic of COVID-19 struck the world. I travelled back to Port Blair. Now, coming back home in the middle of the semester is a very happy situation for anyone, but this wasn’t the case for me. I had to battle out the archipelagos’ seemingly everlasting problem of slow internet speed. Yep, in the age of 4G and aspiring 5G, there’s a place that still hasn’t been able to move ahead of 2G. Guess this is the true 2G scam. For a student who studies in a city like Bangalore, the internet is just as basic as education.

Firstly, I wasn’t able to attend any online classes. The professors continued with their teaching via video calls and I couldn’t attend them. Secondly, I had some assignments to submit. These assignments need research and then written on a word document and submitted via emails. I could manage to complete and submit them but at times I did miss my deadlines due to slower internet speeds.

Chennai to Andaman Nicobar Island (CANI)

But, after much wait, today, Prime Minister Narendra Modi, launched submarine optical fibre cable connecting Chennai and Port Blair via video conferencing. This cable link will deliver bandwidth of 2 x 200 Gigabits per second (Gbps) between Chennai and Port Blair, and 2 x 100 Gbps between Port Blair and the other islands of Andaman and Nicobar Islands chain. Besides, the submarine cable will also connect Port Blair to Swaraj Dweep (Havelock), Little Andaman, Car Nicobar, Kamorta, Great Nicobar, Long Island, and Rangat.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurates Submarine Optical Fibre Cable Connectivity between Chennai and Andaman and Nicobar Islands via video conferencing, in New Delhi. (PTI)
 
On this special day, PM tweeted “Today, 10th August is a special day for my sisters and brothers of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. At 10:30 this morning, the submarine Optical Fibre Cable (OFC) connecting Chennai and Port Blair will be inaugurated.”

“Inauguration of the submarine Optical Fibre Cable in Andaman and Nicobar Islands ensures High-speed broadband connectivity. Fast and reliable mobile and landline telecom services. Big boost to the local economy. Delivery of e-governance, telemedicine, and tele-education,” he added.

It was supposed to be inaugurated in March by President Ram Nath Kovind.  However, it got delayed due to the Covid-19 lockdown.

The foundation stone of this project was laid down by the PM on December 30, 2018, at Port Blair.

An estimated 2,300 km of Submarine Optical Fibre Cable (OFC) has been laid at an expenditure of about Rs 1,224 crore. The connectivity project was funded by the Centre through the Universal Service Obligation Fund under the Ministry of Communications. Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL) executed the project while Telecommunications Consultants India Limited (TCIL) was the technical consultant.

A day before inaugurating a submarine optical fibre cable facility for Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Prime Minister Narendra Modi asserted on Sunday that it will ensure that the region faced no problem in getting virtually connected to the outside world as he highlighted his government’s various development initiatives for the union territory.

Speaking at an interaction with BJP workers from the distant region, he noted that the islands are strategically located and can become a key centre for global sea trade, stressing that the central government is working to make it a blue economy hub and also an important place for maritime start-ups.

Modi said 12 islands of Andaman and Nicobar have been selected for high-impact projects, with an emphasis on boosting trade of sea-based, organic, and coconut-based products of the region.

The region will play an important role in his government’s self-reliant India project and the growth of new India, the prime minister said, while referring to the ongoing work to expand Port Blair airport and boost air connectivity.

Over 300 km of the national highway in the region is expected to be completed in record time, he said.

 

 

 

 



from The Second Angle

Rape: A new normal of 21st century

Yet another trending news,  social media forwards, followed by hashtags, pictures and serious discussions, with a title, ‘yet another innocent raped !! ‘. We people of this generation have gotten used to this news so much so, that the day when we get to hear any such heart-wrenching incidents like this, it follows a typical cycle which goes like,   The news becomes trending for a few days, people pity over it, in some cases candle marches are held and then…. What? They just forget about it as rapes has become a part of their daily news. We people have started accepting it as a new normal.  

Nirbhaya, who might not know about her? The way she was gang-raped and murdered, people stood for her, spoke for her, yet she got her justice after 6 years in our country. The same country where 14 divorce are held every year on an average and one rape is held every 14th minutes, still has strict rules for ‘Talaq Talaq Talaq’ but unfortunately not on rapes. As matters related to religion are considered above any other thing might it be related to anybody’s life.  As religion makes you win seats in elections but strict laws against rape might make you lose one.

After the Nirbhaya gangrape and murder case in 2012, the national capital was shamed again with similar torture being meted out to a 12-year-old girl after she resisted her rapist.

The ghastly incident took place in Peera Garhi area of  Paschim Vihar on Thursday. The girl was stabbed multiple times with a pair of scissors by the alleged rapist. The crime took place when the girl was alone at her home. The minor girl is now battling for life at the  All India Institute of Medical Science (AIIMS) in New Delhi. According to a report in Hindi daily Navbharat Times, police claim that the accused had scratch marks on his body which confirms that the girl resisted the rapist. According to police, the accused is a drug addict. The man also spent jail time in other criminal cases and was recently released on bail.

Credit: ANI

Instead of learning from our mistakes, we are moving towards taking inspiration from crimes.  In a similar incident in 2012, a paramedical student was brutally gang-raped in a running bus by six men. The girl was later dubbed “Nirbhaya” meaning the fearless as she battled for many days and even gave her statement despite the severity of her injuries. She later died at a hospital in Singapore during treatment. The 12-year-old girl faced Nirbhaya like torture when she was stabbed multiple times with a pair of scissors at her home.

You must have heard people being afraid of needles as the syringe passes through one’s skin and causes pain, and now just think about that little girl who was stabbed badly with scissors and that too multiple times, thinking about even one per cent of pain, she might have gone through can surely bring you goosebumps. The report said that the girl has suffered serious injuries in her private parts and intestines. The girl also suffered fractures in the head and hips. Investigators claim that the girl fought the attacker until she fell unconscious.

Rapes happen, happen daily because we allow it to happen. We are living in the 21st century but still don’t know the meaning of consent, the difference between a girl and a toy, the difference between a rapist and a victim .

Society, our dearly society, never takes a step back in giving its judgement by saying ” ताली एक हाथ से नहीं बजती”,  Clap does not ring with one hand. Basically a girl is held responsible under a case of provocation, as what is the fault of the boy when the girl was herself ” ASKING FOR IT “. I mean how can anybody Ask a person to rape her? Who on this Earth does not want to feel loved? As Rape itself stands for against the will of a person. A few days back I heard a story about a girl who got raped as she was sitting topless in her garden. Anyone who heard it, didn’t fail to say “She was clearly asking for it” but the actual truth was, that the girl was a 3 years old kid.

Representative Image

While a rapist molests a victim physically, the society doesn’t fail to tear her up, mentally. The list of questions asked by people after hearing any rape case follows like: Was she wearing short clothes? Was she alone? Was she into boys too much? And the list goes on…. And that’s the harsh truth which we people have clearly adopted.

But it’s high time now, we all need to take a step, what are we even waiting for? For a rapist to come at your doorstep? Cause yes if this thing can happen to 3 years old, 6 years old, 12 years old or even 65 years old, then my dear friend this can happen with you or your sister or mother as well.

Be the change that you wish to see in the world

Let’s start by changing our mentality, by not blaming the victim but the rapist, by not saying “लड़का है, जाने दो”, he is a boy let him go, it’s in his behaviour but by saying We all are humans. Not by including this law “ताली एक हाथ से नहीं बजती” in every situation but by accepting laws too have exceptions. Let’s stop these monsters by making them accountable for what they have done, are doing and will continue to do if not stopped. Let’s ask for strict laws against them, and let’s not delay it any further cause ” आज नहीं तो कभी नहीं “, Today or never….



from The Second Angle

A Flooding India: A Global Warning

With the COVID-19 pandemic raging on, India has its hands full with another crisis. The fourth flood in almost two months, as South and South-West India struggle to survive in a situation far from ideal, should be a cause of concern for India and the world.

Mumbai received 2319 mm of rainfall alone in the month of August while the annual average is 2260 mm. While there was very little rainfall recorded during June and July, the first week of August saw Mumbai receiving the heaviest downpour it has seen since 1974.

The Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) has been quoted as saying, “Strong south-westerly monsoonal flow over the Arabian Sea with wind speed reaching upto 60-70 km per hour along and off the west coast at lower tropospheric levels is likely to continue to prevail during the next two days.”

An orange alert was issued by the weather department for Ratnagiri, Sindhudurg, Pune, Kolhapur, and Satara districts.

Uddhav Thackeray, CM, took inventory of the state’s administration preparedness in the wake of the heavy downpour in Mumbai and other regions. A statement was released where the authorities were asked to exercise caution and ensure the safety of the citizens.

At the same time, a red alert has been issued in the Wayanad, Idukki, Malappuram, Kozhikode and Kannur districts in Kerala by the IMD due to incessant rainfall.

A landslide on August 7, in Kerala, claimed atleast 35 lives with more bodies estimated to be trapped under the debris. The National Disaster Response Force (NRDF) has been deployed and support from the Indian Air Force (IAF) has been requested by the state government.

For the regions of Pathanamthitta, Alappuzha, Kottayam, Ernakulam, Thrissur, Palakkad and Kasargod, an orange alert has been issued for August 9.

Weather today HIGHLIGHTS: Heavy rains likely in Tamil Nadu, Kerala ...
Representative Image (Credit: The Indian Express)

The Thiruvananthapuram meteorological department has stated that the presence of a low-pressure area in the Bay of Bengal will further aggravate the rains till August 9. Pinarayi Vijayan, the Chief Minister of Kerala announced ex gratia of Rs. 5 lakhs to the victims’ families.

Due to heavy rains, the state of Karnataka has also experienced flood-like situations in many regions of the state. Due to the increase in the influx of water, numerous dams including Alamatti and Kabini dams, have been releasing their water and the Tungabhadra dam has reached its maximum capacity.

Projects which are industrial and may be beneficial from a business point of view should be carefully assessed and the catastrophic influence it will have on our environment should be judged thoroughly before we go ahead with it. This should be a cause for caution for everyone as extreme weather conditions are becoming the new normal.



from The Second Angle

Declaration of Environmental Emergency Over Oil Spill in Mauritius

On Friday, 7th August an environmental emergency was declared in Mauritius; owing to the recent oil spill in the Indian Ocean by a ship. The cargo ship MV Wakashio, which was carrying 4,000 tonnes of oil, was shipwrecked by a coral reef off the Indian Ocean island on 25th July. The Conservationists widely criticized the government and blamed their sluggish response for having aggravated what they say could have been a minor accident to a nationwide emergency. The rough seas have further increased the problem of the government. Meanwhile, environmentalists and coastal people collaborated to prevent further spreading by deploying indigenous floating devices. Volunteers have been trying to absorb the oil using straws. They also made tubes with tights and hair to substantiate the efforts and have also been cleaning the beaches. At least 1,000 tonnes of oil is said to have leaked in the waters near Mauritius; 500 tonnes of which have been recovered but 2,500 tonnes still remains on the ship.

 

credits: bbc.com

 “People have realized that they need to take things into their hands. We are here to protect our fauna and flora,” environmental activist Ashok Subron told AFP news agency. Environmentalists fear the oil spill is the worst ecological disaster in the island nation of Mauritius till now, and it would endanger the marine ecosystem and the pristine waters and beaches that attract thousands of tourists from around the globe every year. The enormous impact on the fishing and related industries is also a major concern of the people and government.

 

credits: washingtonpost.com

In a statement, the ship’s owner, Nagashiki Shipping, said that “due to the bad weather and constant pounding over the past few days, the starboard side bunker tank of the vessel has been breached and an amount of fuel oil has escaped into the sea and oil prevention measures are in place and an oil boom has been deployed around the vessel.” They also added that it “takes its environmental responsibilities extremely seriously and will take every effort with partner agencies and contractors to protect the marine environment and prevent further pollution”.

 

credits: reubvision.mu

The oil spill was widely captured by satellites and several images were also released giving insight to the seriousness of the situation. Executive Vice President of Mitsui O.S.K. Lines apologized for the spill and “the great trouble we have caused” in a news conference Sunday in Tokyo, Akihiko Ono. He also said that the company would “do everything in their power to resolve the issue”.  

 

credits: rmaxartechnologies/reuters

Japan’s Foreign Ministry informed that it will dispatch a six-person emergency response team at the request of the government of Mauritius. “We hope that this assistance will contribute to recovery of the environment of Mauritius and prevention of marine pollution,” they said.

 

credits: bbc.com

Mauritius is the only African country to report no active COVID-19 cases. It had shut its borders in March and has seen less than a dozen deaths. Locals have been calling for reopening the borders as the economy relies heavily on the tourism sector. Last year, tourism contributed 63 billion Mauritius rupees ($2.2 billion) to the economy.



from The Second Angle

Production Unit of Kia Sonet has been revealed

After the great feedback of Kia Seltos, the South-Korean automotive manufacturer decided to drive into the compact SUV segment with the same zeal to steal the show again. After the huge success of Seltos, Sister company Hyundai launched its all-new Creta to slow down the sales of Seltos and now Kia is set to launch its compact Suv Sonet to eat the sales of Hyundai venue which is also the trending product of Hyundai currently.

Kia Sonet Detailed walkaround

Source: carwale

As per the top GT line variant, walking towards the front you will find Kia signature Tiger Nose grille with knurled chrome garnish finished at the lower edge of the grill with red 3D insert only for GT line. The headlamps are sleek with signature heartbeat DRLs inside. The large intake grill is at the bottom and between the foglight garnished with silver-finished makes it more appealing and aggressive.

 

Source: Carwale

At the rear, the LED tail-lamps come with a heartbeat style and are connected with reflector strip which comes out to be a continuous single-element look of tail-lamps quiet similar to Hyundai Aura. At the bottom, the bumper has a silver Finish-Faux skid plate and faux twin exhaust trims. While the Sonet is based on the Venue platform but it borrows nothing virtually like exterior or interior, nothing is similar except the platform.

Interior and Features

Source: Carwale

From Inside, the Dashboard is busy with the ocean of features knob and button, front Ac vent installed below the touchscreen with Seltos like feature to light up the interior as per your mood. The quality of plastic and the material is very premium. Some of the speechless features Sonet is loaded with –

  •  First in class 10.25-inch touchscreen with a plethora of features like-navigation, Kia’s Uvo connectivity suite, and controls of the sound mood light along with 7-speaker bose sound system.
  • Ventilated seat in front.
  • AN Air purifier with Virus protection.
  • Auto climate control, Sunroof, wireless charging pad, a tyre pressure monitor, front                and rear parking sensors
  •  6-airbags, EBD, ESC, Hill assist, Vehicle stability management and brake assist.

Summary
The engine options will be the same as the venue along with all the transmission offer. A detailed review will drop on its launch.
The Kia is cooking something that could lead to the huge success and as per the wide range of offering of powertrain and the features, who could have predicted a few years ago that at this 10-15 lakh price range you would get connected cars and cooling seats.



from The Second Angle

The Dystopian Future of the Youth.

In 1961, a psychologist named Albert Bandura, carried out an experiment examining the change in children’s behaviour when exposed to violence and aggression. With a base provided by B.F. Skinner, Bandura had put forward the social learning theory, according to which children learn by imitating behaviours they see in their environment. These can be the behaviours of peers, adults like parents and teachers, and even what they see on TV.

To prove his theory, Bandura carried out the Bobo Doll experiment which was actually a series of experiments under a collective name. The most notable of these was the study of children’s behaviour after they witnessed an adult act aggressively towards a doll like toy that would always return to its original upright position after being knocked down. The participants were thirty six boys and thirty six girls each from Stanford University nursery school. Out of the total seventy two, twenty four were exposed to an aggressive model, i.e., where they were shown an adult hitting, punching, and verbally abusing a Bobo doll. Also each child was exposed individually so as not to be influenced by other children. Twenty four were exposed to a non aggressive model, where the adult played with other toys and completely ignored the doll. The rest formed a control group.

Bobo Doll experiment.
Credits- the learning chapters.

The results showed that the children exposed to the aggressive model showed more violent tendencies than the ones who weren’t exposed to it. Boys and girls showed physical aggression 38.2 times and 12.7 times respectively. Bandura also discovered that children exhibited verbal aggression as well, which was 17 times by the boys and 15.7 by the girls.
While on the subject of human tendencies, thought processes, and actions, there’s always been a pattern throughout history of people rising up in rebellion in objection to certain ideas which they were opposed to. We’re all aware of the newly born protests against CAA and NRC. They were a manifestation of democracy in its absolute form. They represented dissent, the power to stand against what is perceived as wrong, the same power that the constitution has bestowed upon the citizens of India.

Shaheen Bagh Protest Site.
Credits- Financial Express.

Alas, that might have been the last time many citizens stood together for a cause because the children of the near future won’t understand terms such as secularism, nationalism, democracy and the strength in diversity. These values will be as good as dead. Indeed, it is a spectre of the world George Orwell imagined – A place where inhabitants’ minds are wiped of any free thought, where words are taken out of circulation so that the concept itself ceases to exist, where historical records and facts are twisted to suit the minds of the oppressors. Events like the riots that took place in North East Delhi a few months back won’t be shockingly painful anymore, they will be normalised the same inhumane way as rape has been in this era of said modernity and consent, like something that happens every now and then inevitably.

While rationalisation of the annual curriculum seems only fair in these trying times, the choice of chapters for deletion by the CBSE seems oddly speculative, even after the clarification that it’s a one-year measure because a lot can happen in a year. Chapters like Secularism, Citizenship, Nationalism, Democracy and Diversity, Gender, Religion and Caste are as essential for a young, semi-educated mind as the future of the nation is. Because these minds are the future. The fact that the future will reside at the darker side of the moon, unbeknownst of the fundamental values inscribed in our constitution is in itself, jarringly haunting. Our constitution makers intended to accommodate even the most diverse of social groups such as the scheduled castes and scheduled tribes, they weren’t hesitant to offer aid to various linguistic and religious minorities, women – who had not enjoyed equal rights in the past, and even some remote communities in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands who had had little contact with modern civilisation, among many others. Students would not only be deprived of knowledge about these values but also crucial information like the criteria for getting the Indian citizenship, and thus against their better judgement, would fail to notice how it has regressed in the recent past. Earlier a person could be granted citizenship through birth, descent, naturalisation, registration or inclusion of territory. However, there have been modifications in these provisions as of lately, since the Citizenship Amendment Bill was passed. The current Indian nationality law largely follows jus sanguinis (citizenship by descent) as opposed to jus soli (citizenship by right of birth within the territory).
Instead of learning to live with one another in peace and harmony, it will be normal for people to discriminate against those whom they believe to be ‘outsiders’. Nationalism simply means love and devotion for your country, without it turning into blind worship. One can be loyal to their motherland and question its working at the same time. But in the coming years, nationalism will remain diminished to jingoistic practices like patronizing the army, being indifferent to fellow nationals, and mob lynchings. Anyone who dares to say anything apart from the ordinary will be labelled ‘anti national’ in a heartbeat. In short, our country’s wings would be clipped off from all sides except the right.
Even the gentleman who wrote the national anthem himself was critical of this said patriotism. ‘To worship my country as a god is to bring curse upon it.’, he said. He had warned Gandhiji, with whom he was frequently at opposing sides, that there was a thin line that divided nationalism and xenophobia.

Sometimes, hatred for the other increases to such an extent that people even start demanding a separate country for their community. This is what the class 11 textbook on Political Theory says about communalism. ‘In its extreme form communalism leads to the belief that people belonging to different religions cannot live as equal citizens within one nation. Either one of them has to dominate the rest or they have to form different nations.’ Our country is known as a secular country, but to what extent? Is a secular country supposed to be one where minorities constantly live in fear for their lives? The notion that secularism is anti religious, minoritistic or a western import is in contrast to what it was meant to be, an aid to those in need. Our constitution makers gave no special status to any one religion, neither did they wrongly favour minorities, moreover they even crafted a form of secularism distinctive from the one followed in the west to suit our needs best because it didn’t follow mutual exclusion of religion from state and gave state the power to intervene when things went berserk. It was a collective effort to make every citizen feel safe and included. But now, with not many informed enough to question, our state will be turned into a theocratic one with saffron weighing down the other two colours. Because it won’t stand for courage anymore, its essence will be changed altogether. Now that the school curriculum will no longer have these chapters, children’s minds will be filled with the poison of hate, with nothing to counter its effects. Imagine how ridiculous the idea of cooperation would seem to those who would have seen or heard of India striking against Pakistan in times of combat. But the fact remains that India has collaborated with each of its neighbours in dire times. The Kashmir that our leaders claim to have victoriously freed from Pakistani clutches, sobs silently, as the outer world became inaccessible to it, even before Corona virus entered the scene.  Our crown was welded  in blood and moulded into iron chains and what’s actually ridiculous is that our wielded political history would find a way to justify this ruthless taming as well, as an act of glory, perhaps. No one will demand rehabilitation of the long exiled Kashmiri Pundits and just wage war in their names, for the lack of a better sentiment. Kashmir will be reduced to an object, a trophy that we ‘won’, but sadly it couldn’t ‘win’ our empathy from us. And now, the recent decision to add information about the scrapping of article 370 further proves that our history is on the threshold of being tampered so that no one knows what actually happened. The portion that talked about the reasons why Jammu and Kashmir had a special status in the first place has been deleted. The revised portion says that the article was the cause of a lot of violence and deaths, justifying the abrogation of the article, and ignoring the devastation the state went through after this so called righteous act which was taken without proper consent. Reducing chapters and introducing just the ones that would help instil its narrow propaganda in the minds of people sounds very convenient. In the same set of events, while the government has shrewdly tried to extinguish any spark of inquisition left amongst students, it also seems to be trying to bury the retrospection of its own reckless decisions such as, demonetisation; of which our current leaders only speak as frequently as they do about the Gujarat riots of 2002, yet another mishap that would now be made to escape the eyes of young spectators. An economic amnesty that was initially implemented to draw out black money from illegally operating businesses, the likes of which stay unknown still. In an unprecedented consequence, eighty percent of small businesses took a blow from demonetisation. The MSMEs or Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises were adversely hit by this policy, and it should come as no surprise to anyone since these are largely fuelled by liquid assets or cash. But the government refused to acknowledge its mistake, and the people have to pay the price by living with the repercussions, as they always do.
In this way, the haves continue to overpower the have nots. The possibility of this vast mass of diversity ever being peacefully accommodated will soon be reduced- with all its sumptuous history and heritage -to a dream that doesn’t want to come true; as was evident in Prayaag Akbar’s remarkable work, ‘Leila’ where, in a dystopian reality, the country is broken and segregated by walls, caste, religion and class under the rule of a sectarian government where children are trained rather than educated.

Leila by Prayag Akbar.
Credits- Firstpost.

This reality isn’t very far away. Because children tend to imbibe whatever they are taught from an early age. And if they are taught not to question right from the beginning, the long term effects are going to be disastrous.
Given the findings of the Bobo Doll experiment, we can only imagine what the future is going to be like with children exposed to the vile and hateful side of things left and right. The coming generation of citizens will be a generation of insensitive, ignorant machines who just do what they are told to do with their heads down and never raise their voices against injustice and wrongdoing. It will be an army of naive and gullible citizens who wouldn’t even be blamed for this mindlessness because we never taught them how to question. We will be the culprits for repressing their curiosity.
Nobody in their right mind wants war. But given the circumstances, and what is inevitable, it is more than a possibility that the unrest in the country might grow. Which is why we need to realise that taking everything with a pinch of salt is way better than blind faith. Because absolute belief ruins individual thought. Just to be clear, we are not catastrophizing. These changes will happen not all at once but sequentially. Our country’s wings would be clipped off from all sides except the right, and rightist would you have to be to live outside the cage, with dignity.

We can ill afford to  ignore these little signs under the pretext of  being supportive of the government. The most effective form of support is criticism. We must be cautious and be vigilant at all times. We need to savour the freedom we still have and build on the values of fraternity and unity. If we don’t learn how to coexist in harmony now, our lives will be filled with unwarranted fears and our streets with fictitious boundaries. To quote Faiz Ahmad Faiz from the class 10 Political Science textbook:

Hum toh thehre ajnabee (We remain strangers)
Kitni mulaqaton ke baad (Even after so many meetings)
Khoon ke dhabbe dhulenge (Blood stains remain)
Kitni barsaaton ke baad (Even after so many rains)

Khushi Maheswari and Tanya Kainaat.
The authors have passed class 12 CBSE examination this year.
Cover photo by Evlakhov Valeriy/ Shutterstock

 



from The Second Angle